Situated in Southeast Asia and Oceania, Indonesia is a diverse archipelago comprised of approximately 17,508 islands and a population of 238 million, nearly two-thirds the size of US. There are hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest of these is the Javanese centered near the nation’s capitol of Jakarta. The archipelago has been an important trade region of spices and natural resources since the 7th century with strong trade networks established between China and India. After three and half centuries of colonial rule by the Dutch and religious influences of Islam, Christianity, Hindu and Buddhism the nation secured its independence after WWII. Indonesia’s national motto “DhinnekaTunggal Ika” means “many yet one” and articulates the diversity that shapes the nation. Despite rather large and densely populated regions, the nation still has vast areas of wilderness that supports the world’s second highest level of biodiversity.